Allergic conjunctivitis steroid eye drops

Rohit Saxena, Professor of Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), said, “The number of patients with allergic conjunctivitis has increased significantly of late. Dust storms, high levels of pollution and the dry weather are important factors which have led to an increase in the number of patients with redness of the eyes, and stinging and burning sensations. Children are more prone to allergic conjunctivitis during this season. Thus, precautions must be taken to protect the eyes, especially during this season when the weather is hot and levels of pollution are high. Avoid long hours in the direct sun, use protective eyewear, drink lots of water, wash your eyes and consult a doctor if the symptoms persist.”

Artificial tear substitutes provide a barrier function and help to improve the first-line defense at the level of conjunctival mucosa. These agents help to dilute various allergens and inflammatory mediators that may be present on the ocular surface, and they help flush the ocular surface of these agents. Chilled tears, as well as any topical medication, provide an added degree of relief, as well as homeopathic vasoconstriction. Similarly, cold compresses can be extremely useful to avoid the customary irrational rubbing response to chronic or paroxysmal pruritus.

Conjunctivitis frequently results from an allergic reaction to topical eye medications or to airborne allergens such as hay fever pollen . Prominent symptoms include eyelid swelling, itching, eye redness, and a stringy mucoid discharge. Cool compresses and artificial eye lubrication are of benefit, and many antiallergy medications are available. Vernal conjunctivitis is an allergic inflammation that tends to recur in the conjunctivas of susceptible (usually male) children. There are two types of vernal conjunctivitis. In one, the lining of the upper eyelid is affected, with a characteristic red, pebbled appearance. In the second type, the inflammation is manifested by separate yellowish elevations on the conjunctiva near the cornea. Treatment is similar to other cases of allergic conjunctivitis.

Bright redness of the whites of the eyes can also occur when the tiny blood vessels covering the whites of the eyes rupture from trauma or changes in pressure within the head (for example, after forceful laughing or vomiting , when diving under water, or even bending upside down). While it is similar, this condition is called subconjunctival hemorrhage , and while it can appear frightening, it is generally harmless. This condition is different from the inflammation of the conjunctiva seen with pinkeye. It causes a local area of the white portion of the eye (the sclera) to become brilliantly reddened. It does not typically involve the colored portion of the eye (the iris ) and does not affect vision.

Allergic conjunctivitis steroid eye drops

allergic conjunctivitis steroid eye drops

Bright redness of the whites of the eyes can also occur when the tiny blood vessels covering the whites of the eyes rupture from trauma or changes in pressure within the head (for example, after forceful laughing or vomiting , when diving under water, or even bending upside down). While it is similar, this condition is called subconjunctival hemorrhage , and while it can appear frightening, it is generally harmless. This condition is different from the inflammation of the conjunctiva seen with pinkeye. It causes a local area of the white portion of the eye (the sclera) to become brilliantly reddened. It does not typically involve the colored portion of the eye (the iris ) and does not affect vision.

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