Five athletes tested positive for the stimulant bromantan and were disqualified by the IOC, but later reinstated after an appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport: swimmers Andrey Korneyev and Nina Zhivanevskaya , Greco-Roman wrestler Zafar Guliyev and sprinter Marina Trandenkova , all from Russia, and the Lithuanian track cyclist Rita Razmaitė . Dr. Vitaly Slionssarenko, physician to the Lithuanian cycling team and team coach Boris Vasilyev were expelled from the games.    The CAS overturned the IOC decision, because bromantan had only recently been added to the prohibited list,  and the athletes and officials were reprimanded.    The Russians had argued that bromantans wasn't a stimulant and thus not banned.  
In addition to scientific studies that revealed that when taken properly, Turinabol is not safe, there were also studies that revealed that despite the slow and gradual process associated with this particular steroid, it could still be highly effective for athletes that are looking for substantial gains in performance. The experts do warn against increasing the dosage to extreme levels for the purpose of increasing the results. Basically, gains obtained through this process would be minimal in comparison to the risks that are involved. These studies revealed that athletes were effective in accomplishing significant gains without having to increase the dosage or prolong the cycles.